Vredenburg Lab


Vredenburg Curriculum Vitae


In Press

Byrne, AQ, VT Vredenburg, A Martel, F Pasmans, RC Bell, DC Blackburn, CJ Briggs, RM Brown, MC Bletz, J Bosch, R Figueroa-Valenzuela, SL Ghose, JR Jaeger, AJ Jani, M Jirku, RA Knapp, DM Portik, CL Richards-Zawacki, H Rockney, T Stark, H Sulaeman, N T Tao, J Voyles, AW Waddle, Z Yuan, E B Rosenblum In Press. Cryptic diversity of a widespread global pathogen reveals new threats for amphibian conservation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A

Brown, C, LR Wilkinson, KK Wilkinson, T Tunstall, R Foote, BD Todd and VT VredenburgIn Press. Demography, habitat, and movements of the Sierra Nevada yellow-legged Frog (Rana sierrae) in streams. Copeia

Vredenburg, VT, SVG McNally, H Sulaeman, M. Butler, T Yap, MS Koo, D Schmeller, C Dodge, T Cheng, G Lau, and CJ Briggs. In Press. Pathogen invasion history elucidates contemporary host pathogen dynamics. PLoS ONE


Flechas, SV, A Acosta-González, LA Escobar, J Kueneman, ZA Sánchez-Quitian, CM Parra-Giraldo, L Rollins-Smith, LK Reinert, VT Vredenburg, A Amézquita, DC Woodhams. (2019) Microbiota and Skin Defense Peptides Facilitate Coexistence of Two Sympatric Andean Frog Species with a Lethal Pathogen. The ISME Journal 13, pages361–373 (2019) https://doi.org/10.1038/s41396-018-0284-9

Zumbado‐Ulate, H, A García‐Rodríguez, VT Vredenburg, C Searle. 2019. Infection with Batrachochytrium dendrobatidisis common in tropical lowland habitats: Implications for amphibian conservation. Ecology and Evolution9 (8):4917-4930.  https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.5098

Woodhams, D.C., Rollins-Smith, L.A., Reinert, L.K., Lam, B.A., Harris, R.N., Briggs, C.J., Vredenburg, V.T., Patel, B.T., Caprioli, R.M., Chaurand, P., Hunziker, P., and Bigler, L. (2019) Probiotics modulate a novel amphibian skin defense peptide that is antifungal and facilitates growth of antifungal bacteria Microb Ecol (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-019-01385-9

Ellison S, Knapp RA, Sparagon W, Swei A, Vredenburg VT. Reduced skin bacterial diversity correlates with increased pathogen infection intensity in an endangered amphibian host. Mol Ecol. 2019;28:127–140. https://doi.org/10.1111/mec.14964


Ellison, S., S Rovito, G Parra-Olea, C Vazquez-Almazan, SV Flechas, K Bi, and VT Vredenburg. (2018). The influence of habitat and phylogeny on the skin microbiome of amphibians in Guatemala and Mexico. Microb Ecol (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00248-018-1288-8

Rios-Sotello, G, R Figueroa-Valenzuela, and VT Vredenburg. 2018. Retrospective survey reveals extreme rarity of amphibian fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Japanese amphibians from 1890–1990s. Herpetological Review, 2018, 49(2) 247-252.

von May, R, A Catenazzi , R Santa-Cruz, VT Vredenburg. (2018) Microhabitat temperatures and prevalence of the pathogenic fungus Batrachochytriumdendrobatidis inlowland Amazonian frogs. Tropical Conservation Science  https://doi.org/10.1177/1940082918797057

Rios-Sotello, G, R Figueroa-Valenzuela, and VT Vredenburg. (2018) Retrospective Survey Reveals Extreme Rarity of Amphibian Fungal Pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Japanese Amphibians from 1890–1990s. Herpetological Review, 2018, 49(2).

Chaukulkar S. A., Sulaeman H., Zink A., & Vredenburg V. T. (2018) Pathogen invasion and non-epizootic dynamics in Pacific newts in California over the last century. PLOS ONE. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0197710

Bird AK, Prado-Irwin SR, Vredenburg VT and Zink AG (2018) Skin Microbiomes of California Terrestrial Salamanders Are Influenced by Habitat More Than Host Phylogeny. Front. Microbiol. 9:442. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00442 online article

Catenazzi A, Flechas SV, Burkart D, Hooven ND, Townsend J and Vredenburg VT (2018) Widespread Elevational Occurrence of Antifungal Bacteria in Andean Amphibians Decimated by Disease: A Complex Role for Skin Symbionts in Defense Against Chytridiomycosis. Front. Microbiol. 9:465. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2018.00465 online article

Yap TA, Koo MS, Ambrose RF, Vredenburg VT (2018) Introduced bullfrog facilitates pathogen invasion in the western United States. PLoS ONE 13(4): e0188384. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0188384 online article

Schmeller, D. S., A. Loyau, K. Bao, W. Brack, A. Chatzinotas, F. De Vleeschouwer, J. Friesen, L. Gandois, S. V. Hansson, M. Haver, G. Le Roux, J. Shen, R. Teisserenc, and V. T. Vredenburg. (2018) People, pollution and pathogens – Global change impacts in mountain freshwater ecosystems. Science of the Total Environment 622–623:756-763.  PDF

Owens, MT, Additional Authors, VT Vredenburg, AG Zink, LA Kelley, CR Domingo, KD Tanner. (2018) Collectively Improving Our Teaching: Attempting Biology Department-wide Professional Development in Scientific Teaching. CBE: Life Sci. Educ. March 1; 17(1):ar2 

Martínez, AE, Parra, E, Muellerklein, O, & Vredenburg, VT (2018). Fear‐based niche shifts in neotropical birds. Ecology (2018), 10.1002/ecy.2217. online article



Yap, TA, Nguyen, NT, Serr, M, Shepack, A, and VT Vredenburg. Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans and the risk of a second amphibian pandemic. EcoHealth (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-017-1278-1  PDF

Familiar López M, Rebollar EA, Harris RN, Vredenburg VT and Hero J-M (2017) Temporal Variation of the Skin Bacterial Community and Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Infection in the Terrestrial Cryptic Frog Philoria loveridgei. Front. Microbiol. 8:2535. doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2017.02535 PDF

Catenazzi A, Swei A, Finkle J, Foreyt E, Wyman L, and Vredenburg VT (2017) Epizootic to enzootic transition of a fungal disease in tropical Andean frogs: Are surviving species still susceptible? PLoS ONE 12(10): e0186478. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186478  PDF

Martínez, A E, Parra, E, Collado, LF and Vredenburg, VT (2017), Deconstructing the landscape of fear in stable multi-species societies. Ecology, 98: 2447–2455. doi:10.1002/ecy.1935 PDF

De Leon, ME, VT Vredenburg, and J Piovia-Scott. 2016. Recent Emergence of a Chytrid Fungal Pathogen in California Cascades Frogs (Rana cascadae). EcoHealth.doi:10.1007/s10393-016-1201-1 (2016).  PDF

Prado-Irwin, SR, Bird, AK, Zink, AG, & Vredenburg, VT Intraspecific variation in the skin-associated microbiome of Ensatina, the terrestrial ring-species salamander. Microb Ecol (2017). doi:10.1007/s00248-017-0986-y PDF

Jaeger, JR, Waddle, AW, Rivera, R, Harrison DT, Ellison, S, Forrest, MJ, Vredenburg, VT, van Breukelen, F. Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and the decline and survival of the Relict Leopard Frog. EcoHealth (2017). doi:10.1007/s10393-017-1240-2 PDF

Romansic JM, Johnson JE, Wagner RS, Hill RH, Gaulke CA, Vredenburg VT, Blaustein AR (2017) Complex interactive effects of water mold, herbicide, and the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis on Pacific treefrog Hyliola regilla hosts. Dis Aquat Org 123:227-238. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao03094  PDF

Burkart, D., Flechas, S. V., Vredenburg, V.T. and Catenazzi, A. (2017), Cutaneous bacteria, but not peptides, are associated with chytridiomycosis resistance in Peruvian marsupial frogs. Anim Conserv. doi:10.1111/acv.12352 PDF

Adams, A. J., S. J. Kupferberg, M. Q. Wilber, A. P. Pessier, M. Grefsrud, S. Bobzien, V.T. Vredenburg, and C. J. Briggs. 2017. Extreme drought, host density, sex, and bullfrogs influence fungal pathogen infection in a declining lotic amphibian. Ecosphere 8(3):e01740. 10.1002/ecs2.1740 PDF

Cusi JC,  AC Barboza, VT Vredenburg, R von May. 2017. New distribution records and conservation status of Atelopus seminiferus Cope, 1874: A Critically Endangered harlequin frog from northern Peru. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11 (1), 17-24 PDF



Yap, T. A., L. Gillespie, S. Ellison, S.V. Flechas, M. S. Koo, A.E. Martinez, and V.T. Vredenburg. 2016. Invasion of the Fungal Pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis on California Islands. EcoHealth 13:145-150, doi:10.1007/s10393-015-1071-y (2016). PDF

Knapp, RA, GM Fellers, PM Kleeman, DAW Miller, VT Vredenburg, EB Rosenblum, and CJ Briggs. 2016. Large-scale recovery of an endangered amphibian despite ongoing exposure to multiple stressors Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 113, 11889-11894, doi:10.1073/pnas.1600983113 (2016). PDF

Warne, R. W., B. LaBumbard, S. LaGrange, V. T. Vredenburg, and A. Catenazzi. 2016. Co-Infection by Chytrid Fungus and Ranaviruses in Wild and Harvested Frogs in the Tropical Andes. PLoS ONE 11(1): e0145864. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145864. PDF



Flechas, S., VT Vredenburg, and A. Amézquita. 2015. Infection Prevalence in Three Lowland Species of Harlequin Toads from the Threatened Genus Atelopus. Herpetological Review 46(4) pp. 528-532. PDF

Sette, C, VT Vredenburg, A Zink. 2015. Reconstructing historical and contemporary disease dynamics: a case study using the California slender salamander (Biological Conservation).http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2015.08.0390006-3207/© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. PDF

Yap, T., M. Koo, R.F. Ambrose, D.B. Wake and V.T. Vredenburg. 2015. Averting a biodiversity crisis. 2015. Science.  Vol. 349 no. 6247 pp. 481-482. DOI: 10.1126/science.aab1052.  PDF

Cusi, J.C., Barboza, A.C., Vredenburg, V.T., Von May, R., 2015. A new locality, range extension and record of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in the endangered terrestrial breeding frog Pristimantis katoptroides Flores, 1988 (Anura: Craugastoridae) in Peru. Check List 11, 1608. PDF

Fong JJ, Cheng TL, Bataille A, Pessier AP, Waldman B, and VT Vredenburg. (2015) Early 1900s Detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Korean Amphibians. PLoS ONE 10(3): e0115656. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0115656. PDF

Talley, BL, C Muletz, R Fleischer, VT Vredenburg, and KR Lips A Century of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Illinois Amphibians (1888-1989) 2015. Biological Conservation 182(2015):254-261.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2014.12.0070006-3207/Ó 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. PDF



Galindo-Bustos, MA, DMB Hernandez-Jauregui, T Cheng, VT Vredenburg, and G Parra-Olea. Presence and prevalence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in commercial amphibians in Mexico City. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 2014 45:4, 830-835. PDF

Chaves G, H Zumbado-Ulate, A García-Rodríguez , E Gómez, VT Vredenburg, and MJ Ryan. 2014. Rediscovery of the critically endangered streamside frog Craugastor taurus (Craugastoridae) in Costa Rica. Tropical Conservation Science 7:628-638. PDF

Catenazzi, A., E. Lehr, and VT Vredenburg. 2014. Thermal Physiology, Disease, and Amphibian Declines on the Eastern Slopes of the Andes. Conservation Biology 28:509-517. PDF

Bishop*, M. R., R. C. Drewes, and VT Vredenburg. 2014. Food Web Linkages Demonstrate Importance of Terrestrial Prey for the Threatened California Red-Legged Frog. Journal of Herpetology 48:137-143. PDF

Murrieta-Galindo,R, G Parra-Olea, A González-Romero, F López-Barrera, and VT Vredenburg. 2014. Detection of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in amphibians inhabiting cloud forests and coffee agroecosystems in central Veracruz, Mexico. European Journal of Wildlife Research:1-9. PDF



Huss, M., L. Huntley, VT Vredenburg, J. Johns, and S. Green. 2013. Prevalence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in 120 Archived Specimens of Lithobates catesbeianus (American Bullfrog) Collected in California, 1924–2007. EcoHealth 10:339-343. PDF

Vredenburg VT, Felt SA, Morgan* EC, McNally* SVG, Wilson* S, SL Green 2013 Prevalence of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Xenopus Collected in Africa (1871–2000) and in California (2001–2010). PLoS ONE 8(5): e63791. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063791. PDF

Catenazzi, A, von May, R, and VT Vredenburg. 2013 High prevalence of infection in tadpoles increases vulnerability to fungal pathogen in high-Andean amphibians. Biological Conservation 159:413-421. PDF



Vredenburg VT, du Preez L, Raharivololoniaina L, Vieites DR, Vences M, Weldon C 2012 A molecular survey across Madagascar does not yield positive records of the amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis. Herpetology Notes 5:507-517. PDF

Woodhams, DC, Geiger, CC, Reinert, LK, Rollins-Smith, LA, Lam, BA, Harris, RN, Briggs, CJ, Vredenburg, VT; Voyles, J 2012 Treatment of amphibians with chytrid fungus: learning from failed trials with itraconizole, antimicrobial peptides, bacteria, and heat therapy. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 98:11-25. PDF

Voyles J, Vredenburg VT, Tunstall TS, Parker JM, Briggs CJ, Rosenblum EB 2012 Pathophysiology in mountain yellow-legged frogs (Rana muscosa) during a chytridiomycosis outbreak. PLoS ONE 7(4): e35374. PDF

Reeder, NMM, AP Pessier, VT Vredenburg 2012 A reservoir species for the emerging amphibian pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis thrives in a landscape decimated by disease. PLoS ONE 7(3): e33567, PDF



Swei, A, JJL Rowley, D Rödder, MLL Diesmos, AC Diesmos, CJ Briggs, R Brown, TT Cao, TL Cheng, B Han, J Hero, DH Hoang, MD Kusrini, TTD Le, M Meegaskumbura, T Neang, SPhimmack, D Rao, NMM Reeder, SD Schoville, N Sivongxay, N Srei, M Stöck, B Stuart, L Torres, TAD Tran, TS Tunstall, D Vieites, and VT Vredenburg 2011 Is Chytridiomycosis an Emerging Infectious Disease in Asia? PLoS ONE 6(8): e23179. PDF

Cheng, TL, S Rovito, DB Wake and VT Vredenburg Coincident mass extinction of neotropical amphibians with the emergence of the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis 2011 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(23):9502-9507. PDF

  • Review of Cheng et al 2011: Lips KR 2011 Museum collections: Mining the past to manage the future Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108(23):9323-9324. PDF

  • Cheng, et al. 2011 won the Best Student Paper Award at the Ecological Society of America general meeting 2011.

Schoville, SD, TS Tustall, VT Vredenburg, AR Backlin, DA Wood, RN Fisher 2011 Conservation of evolutionary lineages of the endangered mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa (Amphibia: Ranidae), in southern California Biological Conservation 144:2031-2040. PDF

Reeder, NMM, TL Cheng, VT Vredenburg, and DC Blackburn 2011 Survey of the chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis from montane and lowland frogs in eastern Nigeria Herpetology Notes 4:83-86. PDF

Catenazzi A, E Lehr, LO Rodriguez, and VT Vredenburg 2011 Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis and the collapse of anuran species richness and abundance in the upper Manu National Park, southeastern Peru Conservation Biology 25: 382-391. PDF



Catenazzi, A, VT Vredenburg, and E Lehr 2010 Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in the live frog trade of Telmatobius (Anura: Ceratophryidae) in the Tropical Andes Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 92:187-191. PDF

Blackburn, DC, B J Evans, AP Pessier, VT Vredenburg 2010 An enigmatic mass mortality event in the only population of the Critically Endangered Cameroonian frog Xenopus longipes (Anura: Pipidae) African Journal of Herpetology 59:1-12. PDF

Vredenburg, VT, LM Chan, T Tunstall, and JM Romansic 2010 Does UV-B radiation affet embryos of three high-elevation amphibian species in California? Copeia 2010:502–512. PDF

Lam, BA, J B Walke, VT Vredenburg, and RN Harris 2010 Proportion of individuals with anti-Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis skin bacteria is associated with population persistence in the frog Rana muscosa Biological Conservation 143 (2010):529-531. PDF

Vredenburg, VT, RA Knapp, T Tunstall, and CJ Briggs 2010 Dynamics of an emerging disease drive large-scale amphibian population extinctions Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:9689-9694. PDF
Reviews and other significant citations of Vredenburg et al 2010:

  1. Blaustein, AR and PTJ Johnson 2010 When an infection turns lethal Nature 461:881-882. PDF

  2. Jeremy, A 2010 Epidemiology: It’s not easy being green Nature Reviews Microbiology 8:467. PDF

  3. Kinney, V C, J L Heemeyer, A P Pessier, and M J Lannoo 2011 Seasonal pattern of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis infection and mortality in lithobates areolatus: Affirmation of Vredenburg's "10,000 zoospore rule" PLoS ONE 6(3):e16708. PDF

Briggs, CJ, RA Knapp, and VT Vredenburg 2010 Enzootic and epizootic dynamics of the chytrid fungal pathogen of amphibians Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107:9695-9700. PDF



Harris, RN, RM Brucker, JB Walke, MH Becker, CR Schwantes, DC Flaherty, BA Lam, DC Woodhams, CJ Briggs, VT Vredenburg, KPC Minbiole 2009 Skin microbes on frogs prevent morbidity and mortality caused by a lethal skin fungus The ISME Journal 3:818-824. PDF



Wake, DB, and VT Vredenburg 2008 Are we in the midst of the sixth mass extinction? A view from the world's amphibians Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105:11466-11473. PDF

FrÍas-Álvarez P, VT Vredenburg, M Familiar-Lopez, JE Longcore , E Gonzalez-Bernal, G Santos-Berrera, L Zambrano, and G Parra-Olea  2008 Chytridiomycosis survey in wild and captive Mexican amphibians EcoHealth 5: 18-26. PDF



Morgan, JAT, VT Vredenburg, LJ Rachowicz, RA Knapp, MJ Stice, T Tunstall, RE Bingham, JM Parker, JE Longcore, C Moritz, CJ Briggs, JW Taylor 2007 Population genetics of the frog killing fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104(34): 13845-13850. PDF

Woodhams, DC, VT Vredenburg, M Simon, D Billheimer, B Shakhtour, Y Shyr, CJ Briggs, LA Rollins-Smith, RN Harris 2007 Symbiotic bacteria contribute to innate immune defenses of the threatened mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa Biological Conservation 138: 390-398. PDF

Finlay, JC and VT Vredenburg  2007 Introduced trout sever trophic connections in watersheds: consequences for a declining amphibian  Ecology 88(9): 2187-2198. PDF

Vredenburg, VT, R Bingham, R Knapp, JAT Morgan, C Moritz, and D Wake 2007 Concordant molecular and phenotypic data delineate new taxonomy and conservation priorities for the endangered mountain yellow-legged frog (Ranidae: Rana muscosa) Journal of Zoology 271(4): 361-374. PDF

Knapp, RA, DM Boiano, and VT Vredenburg 2007 Recovery of a declining amphibian (mountain yellow-legged frog, Rana muscosa) following removal of nonnative fish Biological Conservation 135: 11-20. PDF



Rollins-Smith, LA, DC Woodhams, LK Reinert, VT Vredenburg, CJ Briggs, PF Nielsen, and JM Conlon 2006  Antimicrobial Peptide Defenses of the Mountain Yellow-Legged Frog (Rana muscosa) Developmental & Comparative Immunology 30(9): 831-842. PDF

Rachowicz, LJ, RA Knapp, JAT Morgan, MJ Stice, VT Vredenburg, JM Parker and CJ Briggs 2006 Emerging infectious disease as a proximate cause of amphibian mass mortality Ecology 87(7): 1671-1683. PDF



Briggs, C, VT Vredenburg, RA Knapp, and LJ Rachowicz 2005 Investigating the population-level effects of chytridiomycosis, a fungal disease of amphibians Ecology 86(12):3149-3159. PDF

Rachowicz, LJ, JM Hero, JAT Morgan, VT Vredenburg, J Taylor, CJ Briggs 2005 The novel and endemic pathogen hypothesis: explanations for the origin of an emerging infectious disease of wildlife Conservation Biology 19(5):1441-1448. PDF



Vredenburg, VT 2004 Reversing introduced species effects: Experimental removal of introduced fish leads to rapid recovery of declining frog Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101(20):7646-7650. PDF

Rachowicz, LJ and VT Vredenburg 2004 Transmission of Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis within and between amphibian life stages Diseases of Aquatic Organisms 61:75-83. PDF



Vredenburg, VT, T Tunstall, H Nguyen, J Romansic, S Schoville. 2001 Hydromantes platycephalus (Mt. Lyell Salamander) Behavior Herpetological Review 32:178. PDF

Macey, JR J Stasburg, J Brisson, VT Vredenburg, M Jennings, and A Larson 2001 Molecular phylogenetics of western North American frogs of the Rana boylii species group Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19(1):131-143, PDF

Vredenburg, VT, and AP Summers  2001 Field Identification of chytridiomycosis in Rana muscosa Herpetological Review 32:151-152. PDF



Vredenburg, VT 2000 Natural History Notes: Rana muscosa (mountain yellow-legged frog), conspecific egg predation Herpetological Review 31:170-171. PDF

Vredenburg, V T, Y Wang, and G Fellers 2000 Scientific meeting raises awareness of amphibian decline in Asia FrogLog 42: 2-3.



Knapp, R A, V T Vredenburg, and K M Matthews 1998 Effects of stream channel morphology on golden trout spawning habitat and recruitment Ecological Applications  8(4):1104-1117.



Knapp, RA, and VT Vredenburg 1996 A field comparison of the substrate composition of golden trout redds using two sampling techniques North American Journal of Fisheries Management 16:674-681.

Knapp, RA, and VT Vredenburg 1996 Spawning by California golden trout: characteristics of spawning fish, seasonal and daily timing, redd characteristics, and microhabitat preferences Transactions of the North American Fisheries Society 125(4):519-531.



Knapp, RA, PC Sikkel, and VT Vredenburg 1995 Age of clutches in nests and the with-in nest spawning-site preferences of three damselfish species (Pomacentridae) Copeia (1995):78-88



Catenazzi A, von May R, Vredenburg, VT (2013) Conservation of the high Andean frog Telmatobius jelskii along the Peru LNG pipeline in the regions of Ayacucho and Huancavelica, Peru. Chap. 17, in: Monitoring Biodiversity: Lessons from a Transandean megaproject. A. Alonso, F. Dallmeier and G. Servat (Eds.) Smithsonian Institution Press,Washington DC.

Whittaker Kellie, Koo Michelle S., Wake David B., and Vredenburg Vance T. 2013 Global Declines of Amphibians. In: Levin S.A. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, second edition, Volume 3, pp. 691-699. Waltham, MA: Academic Press.

Vredenburg, V. T., C. J. Briggs, and R. N. Harris. 2011. Host-pathogen dynamics of amphibian chytridiomycosis: The role of the skin microbiome in health and disease In Fungal diseases: An emerging threat to human, animal and plant health, edited by L. Olsen, E. R. Choffnes, D. A. Relman and L. Pray. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press IOM (Institute of Medicine). Pp. 342-355.

Cheng*, TL, S Rovito, DB Wake and VT Vredenburg 2011 Museum specimens reveal spread of pathogen and collapse of amphibians in Central America Froglog 101: 18-22

Swei, A, JJL Rowley, D Rödder, MLL Diesmos, AC Diesmos, CJ Briggs, R Brown, TT Cao, TL Cheng*, B Han, J Hero, DH Hoang, MD Kusrini, TTD Le, M Meegaskumbura, T Neang, SPhimmack, D Rao, NMM Reeder*, SD Schoville, N Sivongxay, N Srei, M Stöck, B Stuart, L Torres#, TAD Tran, TS Tunstall, D Vieites, and VT Vredenburg. 2012. Prevalence and distribution of chytridiomycosis throughout Asia FroLog 98: 22-24

Vredenburg, VT, M McDonald, & T Sayre (2010) Amphibians and Climate Change Natural Selections 6(1):10-12

Vredenburg, VT, MS Koo, and DB Wake 2008 Declines of amphibians in California In Hoffman, M (Ed), Threatened Amphibians of the World Lynx Ediciones, Barcelona, Spain, pp 126

Vredenburg, VT, G Fellers, and C Davidson 2005 The mountain yellow-legged frog (Rana muscosa) In Lannoo, MJ (Ed), Status and Conservation of US Amphibians University of California Press, Berkeley, California, USA, pp 563-566